A History of Short Words

From the New York Times Crossword Puzzle

STOUT

Wed, 24 Nov '21
Dark beer
Fri, 23 Jul '21
Solid
Fri, 9 Apr '21
Opposite of svelte
Wed, 10 Feb '21
Kind of beer ... or a multi-word hint to 18-, 22-, 37-, 51- and 57-Across