A History of Short Words

From the New York Times Crossword Puzzle

ARAL

Tue, 16 Nov '21
Asia's ___ Sea
Sat, 13 Nov '21
Sea that's a letter off from 15-Across
Thu, 7 Oct '21
Name seen on the Kazakh/Uzbek border
Sun, 14 Mar '21
___ Sea, whose eastern basin has become a desert